WWI and WWII: In both wars, a certain group of people was singled out for genocide. In both wars, certain empires were attempting to achieve world domination, claiming more territory and therefore, more resources from those territories.
World War I
WWI is also known as the First World War, The Great War, The European War, and The War of the Nations. It was fought primarily in Europe from the year 1914 to the year 1918 and lasted 4 years.
There were two warring groups, the Allied Powers composed of France, Britain, Russia, Japan, Italy, and in the later years, the U.S.; and the Central Powers composed of Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, and Turkey.
It was triggered by the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria by Serbian nationalists. The allies of Austria-Hungary then invaded their enemies and it became one of the two largest wars of the world.
The war ended with the Treaty of Versailles in 1919 wherein Germany took responsibility for the war. It resulted in the separation of Austria-Hungary into several states, and the independence of Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Finland, and Poland from Russia. It also led to the formation of the League of Nations.
World War II
WWII, on the other hand, was also known as The Second World War and was fought between the years 1939 and 1945. It lasted for six years which resulted in a very high number of casualties for all the nations involved in both civilian and military personnel.
The two warring groups were: The Axis powers composed of Germany, Italy, and Japan; and The Allies composed of the U.S., Britain, France, the Soviet Union, and China. It was the most atrocious war with the Nazi’s genocide against the Jewish people.
Major Difference Between WWI and WWII
1. WWI was fought for four years while WWII was fought for six years.
2. The two warring groups of WWI were the Allied Powers and the Central Powers while the two warring groups of WWII were The Allies and The Axis powers.
3. WWI was triggered by the assassination of the archduke of Austria-Hungary while WWII was triggered by the bitterness over the outcome of WWI which was used by Adolf Hitler to lead Germany to war.
4. While WWI was fought in the lines of trenches. Whereas, WWII was fought on a broader scale using modern weapons and methods including the atomic bomb.
5. It was estimated that 10 million military dead, 7 million civilian deaths, 21 million wounded, and 7.7 million missing or imprisoned during the first world war.
6. Over 60 million people died in World War II. Estimated deaths range from 50-80 million. 38 to 55 million civilians were killed, including 13 to 20 million from war-related disease and famine.