Top Differences Between Abstract and Introduction

With regards to research methodology and thesis writing, abstract and introduction are two terms that one frequently hears. But then, these two can be quite confusing because of certain similarities that pertain to both components of thesis writing.

Top Differences Between Abstract and Introduction

The abstract is a short synopsis that is composed toward the start of an insightful article or theory that expresses the motivation behind the paper and its fundamental decision.

The introduction is found at the beginning of any piece of writing that sparks the reader’s interest to peruse further and give a taste with respect to what will be in the remainder of the pages. In a novel, an introduction is normally more imaginative than in a scholarly paper.


Abstract is a short summary that is written at the beginning of a scholarly article or thesis that states the purpose of the paper and its main conclusion.

Abstracts can be classified into two types based on the information they carry: descriptive abstracts and informative abstracts. Descriptive abstracts, also known as limited abstracts, provide only a description of the content of the abstract (purpose, method, and scope).

Informative abstracts contain purpose, method, and scope, but it also contains the results, conclusions, and recommendations.


The Introduction is simply the beginning of a piece of writing. It is a part of a book or paper that raises curiosity and directs the attention of the readers to what will be found in the main part. As the name implies, it introduces the main text. Introductions are always found at the beginning of a text.

An introduction may contain information on the background, the outline of key issues, the thesis statement, the aims of the paper, etc. Some authors also use the introduction to define terms and concepts and describe the order of the paper.

Introductions can be found in papers, verifiable, inquire about articles, proposals, ventures, and so on. Be that as it may, slight varieties might be noted in the introductions of these various classifications.

Notable Distinctions between Abstract and Introduction

1. Abstracts summarize the whole text. The introduction introduces the text.

2. Both abstracts and introductions are found at the beginning of a piece of written work.

3. Abstract can stand alone as a separate entity. Introduction may not make sense without the main text.

4. Abstracts and introductions are intended to prepare the reader for reading further.

5. Abstracts are mainly found in research papers, thesisdissertations, etc. Introduction can be found in a wide variety of texts.

6. Abstracts are generally at the beginning of scholarly work, while you will find introductions at the beginning of any kind of written work. With this in mind, an abstract is a de facto introduction.



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