Today, we will look into the English language and show you the top differences between had and has; most interchangeably used words.
A sentence is made out of a clause or at least two clauses containing a subject which is usually a noun phrase and a predicate which is a verb phrase.
A verb phrase is a syntactic unit consisting of an auxiliary (helping) verb preceding the main verb. It often contains a head verb, complements, objects, and modifiers as its dependents. It must agree with its subject or object.
Helping verbs includes: is, are, be, such as, was, were, been, being, have, has, had, do, did, does, can, could, will, would, shall, should, may, must, might, etc. Some sentences are formed with a verb and only one subject. Those verbs are called ‘intransitive’ verbs.
Has and Had
Even the least difficult words can be misused trying to speak English. Sometimes, because of the similarity in spellings, pronunciation, and grammatical function. These are words that we use so regularly in our day by day discourse that we don’t consider, and perhaps that is the motivation behind why we now and again befuddle.
‘Has’ is a transitive verb because it requires a direct subject and one or more objects. Whenever you’re talking about someone or something in the third person singular, you need to use ‘has’, regardless of whether you’re using a noun or a pronoun. For example, it’s correct to say that she has two cars and a bike.
1. The busy bee has no time for sorrow.
2. The Group has created job opportunities.
3. The University has to issue a letter of apology to the victim.
4. He has made 100 bucks off Youtube videos.
5. His father has a share capital in our company.
6. She has an appointment with a client at 10.30.
7. He has been very slow with the job.
8. My brother has been to the Cafeteria twice.
9. Ghana has been going through a lot lately.
10. Who has registered their program today?
‘Had’ is defined as to have contained, held, or owned something in the past. Etymologically, the word originated from a Middle English word ‘hadde’ and directly from the Old English word ‘hæfde’.
This past perfect is formed with had and a past participle. The past perfect indicates an action that was completed in the past before another action took place.
‘Had’ is used when the incident happened in the past. To form the past perfect, use ‘had’ and the past participle of a verb in one part of the sentence. Often, the regular past tense is used in the other part of the sentence.
1. Certainly she had been eating all my food.
2. All the people had been signed up for the program and paid the fees.
3. Would she ever outgrow the things mama had taught her?
4. My mother had to beg the little boy to stop fighting.
5. But it is a long time since I have had any sleep, and I’m tired.
6. They had pulled over and destroyed every crop in the farm.
7. The Police rang after we had left the house.
8. I had a car two years ago.
9. We had to bury the old man properly.
10. However, I had the second key in my pocket.
Notable Distinctions Between Has and Had
1. ‘Has’ is the third person singular present tense of the verb ‘have’ while ‘had’ is the past tense of ‘Have’.
2. Both ‘has’ and ‘have’ are derivative of the word ‘have’ used to indicate preference or necessity, with adverbs, adjectives, and phrases of comparison.
3. ‘Has’ can be used in Present Perfect Continuous Tense while ‘Had’ can’t be used in that satiation.
He has been finishing his homework for two hours.
4. ‘Has’ is used with singular nouns.
‘Has’ goes with the pronoun ‘he’ ‘she’ ‘it’.
He/She/It has eaten.
5. ‘Had’ is simple past tense and past participle of ‘have’ while ‘had’ is used to represent a specific action that occurred in the past.
6. If “had” is used with another verb, it means it happened in the past:
I had been drunk (past)
I have had a girlfriend (past).
7. ‘Had had’ is the past perfect form of ‘have’ when it is used as a main verb to describe our experiences and actions.
He sacked him before he had had an opportunity to explain himself.
8. ‘Has Been’ denotes Present Perfect Tense
She has been to Africa once.
9. ‘Has’ can be used with Present Perfect Tense
He has finished cleaning the car.
He has finished his homework.
10. ‘Had’ is used before the main verb in a sentence.